Maras Chile Flakes

Also known as Marash Pepper or Turkish Red Pepper, this is as common on Turkish dinner tables as black pepper is in the US.
Native to Southeastern Turkey, the Maras chile is named after Maras, a small town in this region (now known as Kahramanmaras).  These chiles are naturally wet and are best known for their oily texture and moist appearance.  
The aroma is of dried fruit, while the taste is slightly acidic with hints of deep earthy flavors. A medium hot chile these come in at about a 1,000-2,500 on the Scoville heat unit scale.